Warning: The information in this archived item was not confirmed with the appropriate National Plant Protection Organization and is provided solely for informational purposes. Please use this information with caution.
First report of pepino mosaic virus in Canada and the US
|Date posted: November 07, 2001|
During the winter of 2000, pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) was detected on tomatoes in commercial greenhouses in southern Ontario, Canada. It was also intercepted by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency on tomato fruit originating from the US states Colorado, Arizona and Texas. PepMV was first described in 1980 from pepino (Solanum muricatum) in Peru, and was later also found on tomato in the Netherlands, but had not previously been reported from North America.
PepMV is highly contagious. Although yield losses have not been quantified, it is believed that it has the potential to cause significant economic damage in protected tomato production if untreated. Other solanaceous crops, especially potato, are also at risk. The virus may be spread via contaminated tools or clothing, by touching plants with hands, and by direct plant-to-plant contact. Limited evidence suggests that the virus replicates better at higher temperatures.
For more information see:
Jones et al.(1980) Ann. Appl. Biol. 94: 61
van Vlugt et al. (2000) Plant Dis. 84: 103